The moon of Saturn will help to create environmentally friendly engines

The moon of Saturn will help to create environmentally friendly engines

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On Titan found a benzene.

A chemist from Florida international University Alexander Furniture and an international team of researchers studied the largest moon of Saturn, trying to unravel the mystery that is hidden under dense foggy atmosphere, how its frozen surface can exist in the hydrocarbon dunes? Article about the work published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

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On Earth, hydrocarbons, producing soot appear during the combustion process at very high temperatures. The types of byproducts that engineers usually try to remove when the engines burn fuel.

After studying the data received from NASA probe “Huygens”, the researchers found hydrocarbons, able to form complex compounds, creating a brown-orange haze layers on Titan at temperatures up to 90°or minus 183,5°C.

“Our calculations revealed the reaction mechanism, says the Furniture. – We’ve shown that you don’t need energy for the reaction naftel and obtained vinyl acetylene, so that the reaction should be effective even in conditions of low temperature and low pressure on Titan”.

On Titan found benzene is a simple hydrocarbon with a hexagonal molecular structure with one ring. It is considered a building block in the larger hydrocarbon molecules with more complex structures. These multi-ring hydrocarbon molecules known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs. Engineers are trying to avoid PAH in combustion processes on Earth.The study shows that PAHs are common a lot more than expected and can be performed even at low temperatures. The work of the Furniture is able to improve models of engines thanks to this information.


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